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# What does the term “footing” pencil footing refer to in accounting?

yanz@123457
May 2, 2023

Accounting refers to the systematic way of recording financial and business transactions by analyzing, summarizing, and reporting in the required accounts. Accounting helps a company to maximize its profits and plan its future. Total debits amount to \$75,500 while total credits amount https://accounting-services.net/footings/ to \$36,000. Another line is drawn (again, to indicate that a mathematical operation has been performed). The difference is placed in the column having the higher total amount. Next, all of the debits in the debit column are totaled while all of the credits are totaled as well.

Spreadsheets lay out numbers in rows and columns, each of which can be totaled. Imagine a sheet showing monthly sales revenue for five products over the course of a year. Each of the five rows reports one product and each of the 12 columns reports one month. A sixth row totals the month’s sales and a 13th column sums the annual sales per product.

## Purpose of Footing

In the trial balance, the sum of the debits are always the same as credits. There are no cases wherein balances between the two (2) is not maintained. In online payroll, a cross foot calculator is available when you process a manual or precalculated check.

• These articles and related content is the property of The Sage Group plc or its contractors or its licensors (“Sage”).
• The debit column is on the left side of the account while the credit column is on the right.
• These articles and related content is not a substitute for the guidance of a lawyer (and especially for questions related to GDPR), tax, or compliance professional.
• In the trial balance, the sum of the debits are always the same as credits.
• The account balance is the amount that’s carried over to the financial statements.
• Amounts are entered to these columns as business transactions are recorded and posted.

Cross-footing verifies that the sum of the monthly sales in row 6 equals the sum of the annual sales per product in column 13. Accounting requires accurate arithmetic to provide reliable information. Cross-footing is a method accountants use to verify that all the numbers add up. In accounting lingo, summing a column of numbers is called footing. To cross-foot is to ensure that the sum of column totals equals the grand total. In accounting, footing and cross footing is the process of obtaining the sum of all of the amounts listed in the rows and columns of an accounting…

## Examples of Accounting Problems With T-Accounts

This article and related content is provided on an” as is” basis. Sage makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness or accuracy of this article and related content. Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

In accounting, footing refers to the result after summing up all the credits and the debits. Drawing a single horizontal line means that a mathematical operation has been made. The two footings are netted together to arrive at the account balance for inventory. The net amount is reported on the company’s financial statements for the period. Let’s say the T-account listed below shows the inventory transactions for Macy’s (M). Each inventory transaction is recorded during the period in its respective column—whether it was a debit or credit to the inventory account.

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Crossfooting means to sum the total amounts appearing at the bottom of each column and verify that this “grand total” is equal to the total shown at the bottom of the “Total” column. Crossfooting is a good tool for checking to ensure that information is recorded correctly and that the totals you received while footing are accurate. In order to perform a crossfoot, you add the values of your footing totals together to receive a grand total. You should also total each row and add the corresponding column together. If the values match, then you have correctly footed your columns. Cross Foot accounting is the procedure of verifying the mathematical accuracy of a total of rows and columns.

### What is typical footing?

The depth of footing varies from 3′ to 9′ deep under the ground level, relying on soil types, and load calculation. The footing size for residential building depth must be not less than 3′ on the strong bearing capacity of soil like gravel and sand.

The debit column is on the left side of the account while the credit column is on the right. Amounts are entered to these columns as business transactions are recorded and posted. Once all transactions are recorded and posted, the account balances are computed. Account balances are the amounts that are reported in the financial statements. As business transactions are recorded, accountants enter the amounts for each type of transaction in one of two columns. The debit and credit columns are summed, whereby the total of each column is a footing.

Footing information simply means to add together all of the data in a particular column. In general, accountants must foot many different columns of data in order to find a total for a particular period of time or of a certain piece of information. It is also important when verifying that data or information is correct.

### How do you use footing?

1. Step 1: Dig the Hole.
2. Step 2: Level and Compact the Bottom.
3. Step 3: Place the FootingPad.
4. Step 4: Place the Post.
5. Step 5: Backfill.
6. Step 6: Compact Soil and Check Post Alignment.

The two footings are netted together to calculate the account balance for the period. The account balance is the amount that’s carried over to the financial statements. The term “footing” is appropriate because the totals are located at the end of each column. We will use the table below to illustrate the meaning of crossfoot or crossfooting. Note that the table shows the hours that three employees spent working for three clients. The column for Adam has the sum of 121, Beth’s has 176, and Cindy’s has 66.

The totals, as shown below, are located below the newly drawn horizontal line, which indicates the totals have been calculated. Accounting and bookkeeping terminology is often unique to the field. It is important, as an accountant or bookkeeper, to understand what certain terms mean so that you can perform the correct function. Audit teams will often receive financial schedules in excel or PDF, and its important that the audit team tests the totals on any of these financial schedules. The two procedures that are performed to verify totals are called footing and cross-footing. Debits and credits are known to be the balances of the accounts.

These articles and related content is the property of The Sage Group plc or its contractors or its licensors (“Sage”). Please do not copy, reproduce, modify, distribute or disburse without express consent from Sage. These articles and related content is provided as a general guidance for informational purposes only. Accordingly, Sage does not provide advice per the information included. These articles and related content is not a substitute for the guidance of a lawyer (and especially for questions related to GDPR), tax, or compliance professional. When in doubt, please consult your lawyer tax, or compliance professional for counsel.

## What Is Cross-Footing in Accounting?

We can see below that Macy’s reported a credit balance of \$3,800 for inventory in the period. Holding a bachelor’s degree from Yale, Streissguth has published more than 100 works of history, biography, current affairs and geography for young readers. Nearshoring, the process of relocating operations closer to home, has emerged as an explosive opportunity for American and Mexican companies to collaborate like never before. Based in Greenville SC, Eric Bank has been writing business-related articles since 1985.

He is the sole author of all the materials on AccountingCoach.com. Christine Aldridge is a financial planner who has been writing articles related to personal finance since 2011. She has bachelor’s degrees in political science from North Carolina State University and in accounting from University of Phoenix.

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