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Structure Throughout Ptolemaic Era The construction of your own forehead regarding Horus extends back for the Ptolemaic period

November 14, 2023

Structure Throughout Ptolemaic Era The construction of your own forehead regarding Horus extends back for the Ptolemaic period

A damaged pylon lies only to the newest east of current temple; inscriptional facts has been discovered appearing a creating program within the The latest Kingdom rulers Ramesses I, Seti We and you can Ramesses II. Of all of the temples from ancient Egypt, the one in the Edfu is one of over and best kept when bare of the Auguste Mariette throughout the 1860s. The reason is that brand new temple ended up being totally immersed less than the brand new wasteland except for the actual the upper pylon access.

Temporary History

The original stone is applied with the 23 August 237 BCE and you may it is simply a beneficial century later on, on ten September 142 BCE, the temple is commercially consecrated about presence of the Queen themselves, Ptolemy VIII with his spouse. This building functions continued in the 140 BCE toward pronaos, then pylon as well as the related wall structure. The next consecration of your own forehead was at 70 BCE, but the monumental door regarding the cedars from Lebanon was just put in place inside 56 BCE.

Disuse Through the Roman Era The fresh new temple away from Edfu decrease with the disuse because the a spiritual monument adopting the Theodosius I’s persecution away from pagans and you will edict banning non-Religious worship during the Roman Empire within the 391 Le. Once the in other places, many temple’s created reliefs have been razed (inspect) by the followers of your own Religious trust and therefore involved control Egypt. Brand new blackened ceiling (inspect) of your hypostyle hall, noticeable now, is thought as the result of arson meant to destroy religious files that was upcoming sensed pagan.


Along side many years, the forehead turned tucked to help you a depth regarding 12 yards (39 base) below drifting desert sand and you can levels out-of lake silt deposited by the latest Nile. Local population created residential property physically along the previous temple factor. Just the top are at of your forehead pylons were obvious from the 1798, if temple was recognized by a great French trip. Within the 1860 Auguste Mariette, good French Egyptologist, first started the job out-of releasing Edfu temple regarding the sands.


Basic Pylon The construction on entrance pylons try come by Ptolemy IX (116-107 BCE) prior to he was ousted off energy by the his sis Alexander (Ptolemy X Alexander I 107-88 BCE) and you will finished in the rule from Ptolemy XII. New pylons was adorned by Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (117-51 BCE) inside the 57 BCE having rates regarding himself smiting this new challenger. Each of the systems bear good cartouche out-of Ptolemy XII, but are a tiny more. A couple of statues of Horus as an excellent falcon flank the newest access door, and you will about new pylon, on the bottom of walls to your each side of your access, is views portraying this new “Meal of Gorgeous Fulfilling” where Horus from Edfu was joined that have Hathor out of Dendera.

The trunk walls (inspect) of your colonnade is actually wrapped in multiple rows from higher reliefs portraying brand new Pharaoh (Ptolemy IX Soter II otherwise Ptolemy X Alexander We) carrying speak to the gods otherwise with the winning goodness Horus. Comparable representations was frequent all over the temple. Towards the edges of your pylon, the fresh pharaoh is actually revealed, towards the All the way down Egyptian top with the west top and also the Upper Egyptian crown on eastern top, proceeding toward temple and being sprinkled to the water from consecration by Horus and you may Thoth.

Court regarding Offerings The large peristyle basic court is actually enclosed by thirty two imposing columns (inspect), this is when a keen altar whould had been. The articles is luxuriously decorated which have floral and you may hand capitals, as well as the golden-hued brick walls are protected in the reliefs of your gods Horus and Hathor. Only to the newest remaining of your entry to the Vestibule, the surviving black colored granite sculpture off Horus, which will has actually to begin with started element of some, wears brand new twice top from Egypt and you may guards the door on the fresh farther is located at of the temple.

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